In recent days, public opinion has been stirred by the fact that Ms. Nguyen Thi Bich Lien (59 years old, Hanoi) was saved after 7 days stuck at the southwestern edge of the top of Dong pagoda, Yen Tu relic site (Uong city). Bi, Quang Ninh province).
Besides luck, it is impossible not to mention the hardships and hardships that this woman has gone through. Ms. Lien said, when the food was depleted, she broke the trunks and roots of the ferns and surrounding trees with “the feeling that what plants can be eaten, try to eat” and applied all survival knowledge to maintain life. .
From there, it can be seen that if you have a knowledge of survival skills, you can completely keep yourself safe and minimize the risk if you are alone in a desolate place. Specifically, the basic survival skills you should know are:
Get water from the tree
Wrap a plastic bag around the branch facing the sun, the steam will stay in the bag giving you clean water to drink.
Scientists have shown that a person can fast for 3 weeks and still survive, but only can not drink water for 3-4 days.
So one of the first things you need to think about when you get lost in the wilderness is to find a source of drinking water. You can wrap a plastic bag around a branch facing the sun, the steam will stay in the bag giving you clean water to drink. In addition rain, snow and dew are reliable sources of clean water that does not need to be purified.
Warm up the body with air foam and leaves
Always carry your bubble wrap when camping in the cold is an important survival tip. With good insulation, it helps you keep warm. You can also use the leaves for this purpose. Spread the dried leaves on the surfaces you plan to rest on.
Find food near a water source
A good source of water is where you’ll find a variety of edible wild plants. However, you must test it to see if it is poisonous and then eat it. The rule to remember is:
-Rub the plant on the skin. Stop and wait a few hours to see how your skin reacts to the plant (does the leaves or fruit cause a rash or flaking). Then rub it on your lips and wait. If you feel any stinging sensation, stay away from it. Wait 12 hours or so and see if you feel sick.
-Small bite or swallow. Wait 24 hours to see if you have stomach problems. After all that, if all goes well, the plant is probably fine to eat.
Know how to make fire
When you get lost in the wilderness and don’t have a lighter, learn how to make it from the items you already have. Illustration.
Fire is very important in the wilderness to keep out wild animals, cook food, keep warm, dry clothes or create signals. If you don’t have a lighter, learn how to make one. Flint and rotten wood are common primitive ways of creating fire, one of the survival skills you can completely learn. In addition, you can also create fire from anything including water bottles, sunglasses or spare batteries.
Sleeping on elevated surfaces
If it is getting dark, you should not continue your journey but find a high surface to rest. It is best to find a safe cave, away from wind and rain. Do not lie directly on the ground lest you get hypothermia.
Tips to avoid insects
Rubbing your hands with pine needles or lemongrass can reduce the risk of dangerous insect attacks because the essential oils from these plants scare away insects.
Tips for wading safely
When wading, remember to always face the stream (upstream).
If you have to wade, it’s better to wade in slightly deep but slow water than in shallower but fast-moving water. Should cross less zigzag and winding rivers.
Also, always face the flow (upstream), keep a slightly forward bend, spread your feet shoulder-width apart, and lower your knees slightly for balance and always carry a cane to visit. depth detection and limit slip if you wade alone.
Use wet leaves to ask for help
To escape into the wilderness while there is no one around where you are trapped, smoke can be generated to signal for help. Burning wet leaves is the way to produce the most smoke.
Make 3 bundles of flammable tinder to create 3 separate smoke streams. Thus, if people on helicopters or boats see it, they will not think it is a forest fire. In addition, the image of 3 columns of smoke is a signal for help according to the conventions of Native Americans and scouts.