Communication technology impacts national disaster approach
Entering the rainy season, the Local Government Units (LGUs) of various regions have kickstarted awareness drives and preparedness programs anchored on Disaster risk reduction and mitigation (DRRM) for this year’s Disaster Resilience Month.
The Asian Disaster Preparedness Center attributes the effectiveness of disaster reduction and response to the effectivity of managing information before, during and after a disaster. However, utilizing relevant information is largely anchored on the availability and, most importantly, the reliability of platforms for communication in place, according to Karrie Ilagan, Cisco managing director for the Philippines .
“A huge part of the government’s DRRM measures for a disaster-prone country like ours is vigilant preparation, as this is the foundation of our response to and recovery from disasters,” said Ilagan. “While preparation may involve tasks like having survival kits ready at home, or LGUs readying early warning systems and transport systems like rubber boats and trucks, technology is a powerful tool that also plays a crucial role in DRRM and in fact, cuts across all stages of our disaster approach.”
Based on Cisco’s multinational partnerships, Ilagan forecasts communication technology greatly benefiting each DRRM aspect the government has in place:
Prevention and mitigation
In order for the development of DRRM plans to be accurate, Ilagan believes communication technology must aid community assessments through solutions that facilitate end-to-end monitoring.
“Evaluating municipalities would need continual monitoring of areas exposed to natural or man-made risks like flooding or even vehicular accidents,” Ilagan said.
Ilagan also highlighted that the reliability of these surveillance solutions was hinged on cloud platforms that allow seamless data-gathering, storage and exchange, easing the generation of vital community reports. Likewise, continual communication on surveyed areas are dependent on communication solutions that facilitate consistent exchanges between LGUs and their communities to ensure these reports are updated.
Ilagan further discussed that strong partnerships and coordination among all key players like LGUs and their constituents rely on collaboration solutions that expand from traditional telecommunication platforms.
To Ilagan, video conferencing would innovate communication between these LGUs, giving critical meetings full context, while maximizing the time of each stakeholder through an all in one platform. With advanced video conferencing technology, stakeholders would be able to utilize all the benefits of reliable audio conferencing with the added value of visual aids.
“We couldn’t grasp in its entirety how much valuable time has gone to waste in preparation just because stakeholders had difficulty relaying critical information to each other,” Ilagan said. “Visual reports are understood, appreciated, and applied faster when everyone involved could see them because they transcend verbal challenges in collaboration.”
Collaboration among stakeholders facilitated by reliable communication solutions carry over to the next DRRM aspect of response. Integrated and coordinated search, rescue and retrieval capacities are fortified with resilient, uninterrupted communication among municipality network operation centers.
On the other end, mobile IP-based communication systems would aid on-ground operations using small-scale, independent voice over internet protocol (VOIP) — using the internet to facilitate phone calls. These could be enforced to bridge possible communication gaps caused by damaged or destroyed infrastructure.
Tactical kits that are easy to deploy and navigate without the need for technical experts would greatly benefit early recovery implementations, as well, by assisting in the public’s connection to family, friends, and colleagues in devastated regions.
Rehabilitation and recovery
Finally, on the road to recovery and rehabilitation, communication technology could aid reconstruction efforts for disaster and climate change resilient infrastructure through faster exchanges. Quick relay of data from small municipalities to national government offices like the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council has the potential to hasten assistance. Tactical solutions could ease reporting on potential or new hazards each region must take into account, and could help facilitate monitoring for rehabilitation progress.
While recovery efforts are underway, mobile VOIP solutions could also provide interim connectivity infrastructure for constituents as communication tower reconstructions take place.
“We have plenty of use cases from different countries for our communication and collaboration solutions, Meraki Wifi, Webex and Emergency Communication Ki — but all of them contributed to the effectivity of each nation’s disaster plan and we see the same potential in the Philippines,” Ilagan concluded.
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