Effective ways to learn English vocabulary
1. The reason why learning English vocabulary is not effective
Although many people know that learning vocabulary is extremely important and study very hard, the results are not high. This makes us feel discouraged in the process of conquering English. To overcome and find the most effective way to learn English vocabulary, we must definitely catch the right disease. So the real reason why many people can’t learn?
1.1 Goldfish brain but uses memory to learn words
Not everyone is lucky enough to have a good memory, so poor memory is inevitable. So if you accidentally fall into this situation but still try to cram in your head, it is not effective. In fact, the accumulation of vocabulary is not determined entirely by memory. So you should not try to mechanically cram into your head. This has many negative consequences such as:
Memorize only for the time being, can’t be used for long-term communication
It is easy to get confused because of not having a deep understanding of words, especially when English has a lot of homonyms.
Breaking the fun of learning English by constantly being in a state of compulsive cramming
1.2 Learning odd, discrete words without context
The sporadic learning of a word only tells you a few basic layers of its meaning. But did you know the meaning of the word will change and be much richer when placed in different contexts.
For example, the word Blue – blue. This meaning is probably known to everyone, but if the same word is put in different phrases, will you understand?
Very surprising, right? Therefore, in order to properly understand and understand words, it is absolutely impossible to learn only single words. Instead, you have to put it in a phrase, in a sentence, in each context to know all the layers of meaning that it can use.
1.3 Study without a topic
If you count the vocabulary alone, it must be a huge number that you need to learn. However, if you study by topic, you may only need about 20 major topics to communicate in English. Sounds simpler and more interesting, right?
1.4 Learn unnecessary things
There’s nothing wrong with studying a lot, but if you’re too busy studying in moderation, without any goals, it’s ominous. Instead of selectively learning words that go along with their practical topics, many of you work hard on learning new or difficult words every day.
Learning too many new words will cause you to dilute your knowledge because you have to memorize too much, but there is no such thing as a deep and superficial memorization. So after a while you will forget again.
Besides learning too many words, choosing difficult words to learn is also “hard to say”. In fact, if you want to communicate fluently in everyday English, you only need common vocabulary words. It’s not really necessary for you to learn difficult words, but on the contrary, it takes time.
1.5 Do not bother to look up the dictionary
The dictionary is the most complete, detailed and accurate treasure of knowledge. It will give you vocabulary with many meanings in a profound way. But in fact, many people are extremely lazy to look up. If so, how can I learn English well? The advice for you is to use an online English dictionary to learn more easily and effectively.
1.6 Do not make a habit of studying every day
To achieve success, it is indispensable for the process of constant effort and perseverance. Therefore, arbitrary English learning without a rule of habit cannot bring good results.
2. How to learn English vocabulary
2.1 Set goals when studying
Learning must be enjoyable, of course. But that doesn’t mean random, unplanned learning. You may not need to force yourself to cram new words, but if you don’t set goals when learning, you will be wrong. Ideally, you should choose a goal that is just big enough and doesn’t bring heavy pressure to stay interested in learning.
For example, you can set out to learn 5 new words every day, after 1 month the number of words you accumulate has increased to 150 words. Depending on your own abilities, you can set appropriate goals. And over time, goals can be adjusted incrementally to improve learning effectiveness.
In fact, many of you set a goal of learning 50 words a day. After a month, you have successfully had 1500 words. Very admirable, isn’t it? Although this goal is quite large, if you have a roadmap and scientific method, it is not impossible for you to achieve it.
2.2 Learn slowly according to the level and develop gradually
Do not force yourself to study at a high level. You should know what level you are in to choose the right program. Accordingly, you will make a list of words to learn according to that level. Absolutely do not put all the words in because you will not be able to remember them all.
Usually, if you are just starting to learn, you should study groups A1 – A2 to feel and orient the appropriate memorization method. Gradually, when you get used to it, you can increase the level of learning to suit your ability. In the learning process, remember not to force yourself to memorize or rote. Instead, they have to practice to make them familiar. That is the effective way to learn English vocabulary that you need to memorize.
2.3 Regularly read books and watch English videos
Reading English books and watching videos regularly is considered an effective and stress-free method of learning. But you also need to pay attention to how to learn from these two channels, otherwise the results are not worth much.
Don’t rush to follow advice: read any book, watch whatever genre you like. Believe me, you will see it as a mistake unless your level of English is already good enough.
Start with simple, familiar topics instead of voluminous, specialized information.
Do not use the dictionary to look up every time you encounter a new word. Continuous searching will interrupt thinking, making the ability to receive information more limited. You can mark the word you do not understand, or rely on related words in the sentence, in the context to guess the idea. After watching it, you can check it out once.
2.4 Learning the different forms of the word
Instead of just memorizing a single layer of meaning or a basic use of a word, you should learn many forms of the word. Learn a lot, that’s the effect of this method.
You can divide the table into 4-6 small columns, each column will be identified as noun, verb, adj, adv and synonyms, antonyms if you find it necessary. For each learning word, you fill in each form in the corresponding column. So with just 1 word you can know many more words with similar meanings.
2.5 Use mind maps when studying
For those of you who love to draw, it’s perfect. You can use mind maps or mind maps to make learning English vocabulary more interesting and effective. The method is quite simple, you can refer here:
With a theme at the center, you should make it stand out by writing in the largest font or using bold colors.
Draw subtopic branches within the larger topic: capitalize, bold to distinguish from the larger topic.
Splitting smaller branches from subtopics: lowercase, small size
With this way of learning, you not only increase your ability to memorize synonyms or learn phrases easily. In addition, learning vocabulary is also fast, the expansion progress is also good. The connections are established to help you think more logically, so that the review is also more convenient. In particular, it also helps you to relieve stress very effectively.
However, when applying this learning method, you should keep in mind:
Avoid dividing too many branches at once. Holding on to too much knowledge will make it difficult to remember right away. It is best to start with 2-3 branches, then each day will expand and add gradually.
Do not apply too many colors will make the map confusing.
Use only keywords or phrases instead of lengthy sentences.
If you are lazy to draw, you can use excel or software to build your mind map.
2.6 Use and apply words right after learning
Don’t let the new vocabulary you learn be forgotten in vain. Application right after learning is a way to help you memorize more effectively. It could be a tweet with a new word or a few random lines on facebook or instagram,… Or if you have a classmate, you can chat as much as possible. You will be surprised at the effect you get.
3. Benefits of memorizing vocabulary from English vocabulary learning method “Smart Test” (Smart Review)
Helps make more vocabulary connections by learning other important vocabulary information besides word meanings
Helps reinforce connections with strong vocabulary by automatically repeating old words at the most ideal times
Hopefully, the above information will help you have an effective method of learning English vocabulary and achieve high results!