Unit 9 grade 9: English In The World – A Closer Look 2
Conditional sentences type 2: review (Type 2 conditional sentences: review)
1.1. Task 1 Unit 9 grade 9
a. Read this sentence from the conversation in GETTING STARTED. Do you remember when we use conditional sentences type 2? (Read the following sentence from the dialogue in GETTING STARTED. Do you remember when we used type 2 conditionals?)
Duong: Yeah, if there weren’t too many words, it would be easy for us to memorize it!
– In formal writing, we often use were instead of was:
If I were you, I would think more carefully about work
b. Write Yes or No to answer the questions about each sentence. (Write Yes or No to answer the question about each sentence)
Guide to answer
1. No 2. Yes 3. No 4. No 5. No
1. If Tien has IELTS, he will get a job
Does Tien have an IELTS certificate? – Are not
2. If our English teacher weren’t here, we wouldn’t know what to do.
Is the teacher here now? – Yes
3. If we come to England this summer, we will have the opportunity to learn some English.
Is it possible that they will come to England this summer? – Are not
4. English would be easier to master without such vocabulary.
Is English easy to master? – Are not
5. If she used English more often, her English wouldn’t be so weak.
Does she use English often? – Are not
1.2. Task 2 Unit 9 grade 9
Rewrite the sentences using the conditional sentences type 2. (Rewrite the sentence using conditional sentence type 2)
Peter has such a lot of English homework that he won’t go to the party.
=> If Peter didn’t have such a lot of English homework, he would go to the party.
Peter has so much English homework that he won’t be able to go to the party.
=> If Peter doesn’t have too much English homework today, he will go to the party.
first. I don’t feel confident at interviews because English is not very good.
(I don’t feel confident at the interview because my English is not very good)
2. Minh doesn’t read many English books because she doesn’t have time.
Minh doesn’t read many English books because she doesn’t have time.
3. I think you should spend more time improving your pronunciation.
(I think you should spend more time working on pronunciation.)
4. Mai is so good at the language because has some friends who are native speak English.
Mai is very good at languages because she has a few friends who are native English speakers.
5. We can’t offer you the job because you can’t speak English.
(We can’t give you this job because you can’t speak English)
Guide to answer
1. If my English were/was good, I would feel confident at interviews.
(If my English is good, I will feel confident at the interview.)
2. If Minh had time, she would read many English books.
(If Minh has time, she will read many English books.)
3. If I were you, I would spend more time improving my pronunciation.
(If I were you, I would spend a lot of time improving my pronunciation.)
4. Mai didn’t have some friends who were/are native speakers of English, she wouldn’t be so good at the language.
(If Mai didn’t have some native English-speaking friends, she wouldn’t be able to speak English well.)
5. If you could speak English, we would offer you the job.
(If you can speak English, we will take you for this job.)
Relative Clause (Relative clause)
1.3. Task 3 Unit 9 grade 9
a. Read part of the conversation from GETTING STARTED. Pay attention to underlined part. (Re-read the dialogue in the GETTING STARTED section. Pay attention to the underlined part.)
Teacher: Question one: Is English the language which is spoken as a first language by most people in the world?
(Teacher: Question 1: Is English a language spoken as if it were the mother tongue of many people in the world?)
b. When do we use relative clauses? Can you think of any rules? (When to use relative clauses? Can you think of any rules?)
We use relative clauses to give extra information about something/someone or to identify which particular thing/person we are talking about. (We use relative clauses to add more information about the person or thing to identify the particular person or thing we are talking about.)
– which (for things and animals)
My favorite book is detective stories.
– people (for humans)
The girl who wears the blue shirt is Mai.
– people (for the person as the object in the clause)
That’s the boy we saw at school yesterday.
– when (for time)
Do you remember the day when we first met, honey?
– where (for location)
This is the location where they filmed the movie Star Wars.
– why (for reason)
That’s why he failed.
– of (for possession)
It was his dog man that we found.
– thing (for people, things, animals and time)
Where is the letter that arrived yesterday?
The people I talked to were very nice.
We moved here the year my uncle passed away.
1.4. Task 4 Unit 9 grade 9
Circle the correct word. Sometimes more than one answer is possible. (Circle the correct word. Sometimes there is more than 1 correct answer)
Guide to answer
1. It’s a guy who can speak both English and Vietnamese.
2. This is the room where we study English tonight.
3. The girl whose father is an English teacher is very good at English.
4. Do you remember the year you started learning English?
5. The teacher who you met yesterday is fluent in both English and French.
6. That’s why her English is so clumsy.
1.5. Task 5 Unit 9 grade 9
Write true sentences about yourself. Then share them with your partner. How many things do you have in common? (Write correct sentences about yourself. Then share with your friends. How much do you have in common?)
Guide to answer
– I would like to have a friend who will respect me. (I want a friend who will respect me)
– I’d like to go to a country where there are many forests and farms. (I want to go to a country where there are many forests and farms.)
– I’d like to buy a book which was written by Marce Levy. (I want to buy books written by Marce Levy)
– I’d like to meet a person whose film is interested me. (I want to meet someone whose movies have attracted me)
– I’d like to do something that’s good for my health. (I want to do something healthy.)
1.6. Task 6 Unit 9 grade 9
Rewrite these sentences as one sentence using a relative clause. (Rewrite the sentences into one sentence using relative clauses)
first. My friend plays the guitar. He has just released a CD.
=> My friend who/that plays the guitar has just released a CD.
My friend plays guitar. He just released a CD.
My friend who is playing the guitar has released a CD
2. Parts of the palace are open to the public. It is where the queen lives.
(Many parts of the mansion have been opened to the public. That’s where the queen lives.)
3. English has borrowed many words. They come from other languages.
(English has borrowed many words. They come from other languages)
4. I moved to a new school. English is taught by native teachers there.
(I moved to a new school. Here English is taught by native teachers.)
5. I don’t like Enqlish. There are several reasons for that.
(I don’t like English. There are many reasons for that.)
6. The new girl in our class is reasonably good at English. Her name is Mi.
(The new girl in our class is pretty good at English. Her name is Mi.)
Guide to answer
2. Parts of the palace where/in which the queen lives are open to the public.
(Many parts of the mansion where the queen lived are open to the public to visit. )
3. English has borrowed many words which/that come from other languages.
(English has borrowed many words that come from other languages. )
4. I moved to a new school where/in which English is taught by native teachers.
(I moved to a new school where English was taught by native teachers. )
5. There are several reasons why I don’t like English.
(There are several reasons why I don’t like English. )
6. The new girl in our class, whose name is Mi, is reasonably good at English.
(The new girl in our class, her name is My, is pretty good at English.)
2. Practice Task 1
Choose the best answers
1. She is talking about the author________book is one of the best-sellers
A. which B. whose C. that D. who
2. He bought all the books__________are needed for the next exam.
A. that B. what C. those D. who
3. The children,__________parents are famous teachers, are taught well.
A. that B. whom C. whose D. their
4. Do you know the boy________we met at the party last week?
A. which B. whose C. who D. whom
5. The exercises which we are doing ________very easy.
A. is B. has been C. are D. was
3. Practice Task 2
Supply the correct verb tense.
1. If I (have) _________a typewriter, I could type it myself.
2. You could make much progress if you (attend) ________ class regularly.
3.If I (know) _________ his telephone number, I would give it to you.
4. If you are kind to me, I (be) ________ good to you.
5. He (come) _________if you waited.
At the end of the lesson, you need to keep in mind the following two important grammar points:
– Conditional sentences type 2 (Type 2 conditional sentence) expresses an impossible condition in the present or future, the condition is just a hypothesis, a wish contrary to the current situation.
Structure: If + Past simple, Would/Could/Should (not) + V (inf)
Note: “to be” uses “were” for all persons.
Ex: If I were you, I would buy that book. (If I were you, I’d buy that book already)
– Relative Clause (Relative clause) part of a sentence, it can consist of many words or has the structure of a whole sentence. A relative clause is used to better explain the noun that precedes it.
There are two types of relative clauses:
+ Defining relative clauses (defining clause) is a clause used to determine the noun that comes before it, necessary for the meaning of the sentence; Without it the sentence wouldn’t make enough sense. All relative pronouns are used in defining clauses.
Ex: Do you know the name of the man who came here yesterday? (Do you know the name of the man who came here yesterday?)
+ Non-defining clauses (Indefinite clause) is a clause that provides more information about a person or thing, without it the sentence would still make sense.
The indefinite clause has a comma and this clause cannot use “That”
Ex: Miss Hoa, who taught me English, has just got married. (Miss Hoa teaches English to the newlywed)