Unit 6, grade 9: Vietnam Then And Now – Skills 1
1.1. Task 1 Unit 6 grade 9
Work in pairs to answer the following questions. (Work in pairs and then answer the following question)
Guide to answer
1. The first picture shows an old tram. The second picture shows a modern train.
(The first picture shows an old tram. The second picture shows a modern train.)
2. The tram would have been seen in a town or city. These trains can be seen nowadays in big, modern cities.
(Trams have been seen in a town or city. These trains can be seen in large and modern cities.)
3. They are different in many ways:
+ the first (two or three)has fewer compartments than the second (four).
+ the first runs much more slowly.
+ the first is not air-conditioned while the second is.
+ the first runs along tracks on the ground at street level, while the second runs on elevated tracks.
+ the first is powered by overhead electricity wires, while the second runs on electromagnetics.
(They differ in many ways:
+ ship 1 has less space (two or three) than ship 2 (four).
+ train 1 runs much slower.
+ Train 1 does not have to have air conditioning, while train 2 has air conditioning.
+ train 1 runs along the above ground tracks in the street, while the second train runs on the overhead tracks.
+ train 1 is powered by the upper wire, while the second train runs on solenoid.)
1.2. Task 2 Unit 6 grade 9
Now read the article from a travel magazine. Then answer the questions that follow. (Now read the article in the travel magazine. Then answer the following question.)
TRASH SYSTEM IN HANOI: PAST AND NOW
Hanoi had its first tramway in 1900. The tram system has been the predominant means of transport in the city for the past nine decades and thus the image of the tram and its jingle has been boldly printed. in the hearts and minds of Hanoians. Because it is convenient and cheap to get around the city and suburban areas by tram, this tram system is very popular. However, due to the population explosion and the need for a wider road network, the tram was eventually scrapped.
Now, after more than 20 years, Hanoi’s population has increased from about two million people to more than six million; As a result, the number of vehicles on the road has increased significantly. To meet the increasing travel demand, Hanoi is preparing for its first elevated tram system, connecting with Cat Linh and Ha Dong. The system is expected to start operating in 2016, with a four-cavity aerial train. Furthermore, a new railway system project consisting of approximately 8 km of elevated tracks and 4 km of tunnels, connecting Hanoi and Nhon Central Stations, is also under construction and expected to be completed in the next few years. .
first. In which century was the tram system built? (In what century was the tram system built?)
2. What was the role of the tram system in Ha Noi? (What is the role of the tram system in Hanoi?)
3. When was the system removed? (When was the system removed?)
4. What has happened to Ha Noi’s population over the last two decades? (What happened to Hanoi’s population over the past two decades?)
5. How has the tram system in Ha Noi been improved recently? (How has the tram system in Hanoi improved?)
6. Which of the transport systems do you think is more impressive to Hanoians? (Which transportation system do you think is more impressive to Hanoians?
Guide to answer
1. In the 20th century. (In the 20th century.)
2. It was a major means of transport for Hanoians. (It’s a major means of transportation for Hanoians.)
3. Printed 1990. (In 1990.)
4. The population has increased dramatically. (The population has grown considerably.)
5. New rail systems including a skytrain and a subway are under way. (New rail systems including aerial trains and tunnel trains are underway.)
6. I think the old train is more impressive to Hanoians because its clanging sound has gone deep into Hanoians’ mind and heart. (I think the train is more impressive to Hanoi people because the sound of the train has been imprinted in the minds of Hanoians.)
1.3. Task 3 Unit 6 grade 9
Decide if the following statements are true (T) or false (F). (See if the following sentences are true (T) or false (F) )
Guide to answer
1. F 2 T 3. F 4. BILLION 5. F
first. The purpose of the passage is to convince people to go by sky train.
2. Hanoians are deeply attached to their tram system.
3. Hanoi’s tram system only operates in the downtown area.
4. There has been a sharp increase in the number of vehicles in Hanoi.
5. The new aerial train has been running for two years.
2.1. Task 4 Unit 6 grade 9
Work in pairs. List different types of traditional and modern transport systems in Vietnam. (Work in pairs. List types of traditional and modern means of transport in Vietnam. )
Guide to answer
+ Road types: path, earthen road, trench, brick road, tunnel, alley, tram system
+ Vehicles: bicycle, rickshaw, coach, train, tram
+ Road types: underpasse, flyover, skytrain system, skywalk system, cable car, tunnel, alley
+ Vehicles: motorbike, bicycle, coach, train, car, tram, plane
+ Type of road: small trail, dirt road, trench, brick road, tunnel, alley, tram system
+ Vehicles: bicycle, rickshaw, bus, train, tram
+ Type of road: underpass, overpass, bridge system, aerial road system, cable car, tunnel, alley
+ Vehicles: motorbikes, bicycles, buses, trains, cars, trams, airplanes
2.2. Task 5 Unit 6 grade 9
Discuss the changes in transport in your neighbourhood. Is there anything that you prefer about the traditional/modem transport systems where you live? (Discuss changes in traffic in your surroundings. Is there anything you like better about traditional or modern transportation where you live?)
Guide to answer
The road system was simple back then. Most people rode bicycles and there were few motorbikes on the road. In addition, the tram system was a very popular means of transport in the city at that time.
The city has changed dramatically. Fly-overs, elevated walkways, and high-rise buildings are mushrooming. In addition, there has been a sharp increase in the number of vehicles there. Most of them are motorbikes and cars. The tram system has completely disappeared, and I can only see a few bikes in the street.
Unsurprisingly, the roads are much busier than in the past and traffic jams often occur, especially at rush hour. To solve this problem, two skytrain systems have been built in the city.
The road system at that time was still simple. Most people ride bicycles and there are very few motorbikes on the road. In addition, the tram system was also a popular means of transportation in this city at that time.
This city has changed dramatically. Overpasses, elevated walkways, and tall buildings mushroomed. In addition, there was a sharp increase in the number of vehicles there. Mostly motorbikes and cars. The tram system has completely disappeared, and I only see a few bicycles on the road.
Not surprisingly, the streets are much busier than before and traffic jams are frequent, especially during rush hour. To solve this problem, two sky train systems have been built in the city.
Read the passage, and choose the correct answer A, B, C or D for each question.
In the old days, Vietnamese roads were seen with bicycles and a few trucks. Now they are full of a variety of vehicles. The Vietnamese carry a huge load of a variety of goods up to over one hundred kilograms, especially during the war.
Time has gone by and fewer bikes are visible in the street. In big cities, many people think that bicycles belong to the inferior classes and seem unfashionable. That is why people often find it hard – psychologically and physically – to park their bikes when going to a modern cafe or shopping malls.
Motorbikes are the main mode of transport in Vietnam, with 24 million of them in a country of 87 million people in 2009, one of the highest ratios in the world. More motorbikes of all brands have dominated the road. The mobility which motorbikes provides is so crucial to workers in big cities. Some youths try to show off with expensive motorbikes of famous brands. Almost anything can be transported on a motorcycle. The loads include baskets of fruits, tree trunks, live pigs, flocks of live ducks and stacked crates of raw eggs. Two thirds of Viet Nam’s population of 85 million arc under 30, and the motorcycle has become the center of youth culture.
Question 1: Nowadays, bicycles ………….
A. become more visible in the streets
B. are looked down on by some people
C. are used in the war
D. can’t be parked outside a modern cafe
Question 2: The most important thing that makes motorbikes become the most popular means of transport in big cities may be that ………….
A. the Vietnamese often carry a huge load of a variety of goods
B. a large number of young people own motorbikes
C. there are expensive motorbikes with famous brands
D. young people can easily move around in big cities by motorbike
Question 3: According to the passage, all of the following arc true EXCEPT that ………….
A. the density of bicycles is still high
B. Vietnam has one of the highest vehicle densities is the world
C. motorbikes are very popular among young people
D. bicycle was used as a means of transportation during the war
Question 4: We can infer from the passage that………….
A. there are some regulations about transport by motorbike
B. expensive motorbikes of famous brands are dominating the road
C. the majority of Vietnam’s population is young
D. cycling has become fashionable recently
Question 5: The word “dominated” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to …………..
A. controlled over a place B. blocked a place
C. been the most obvious D. played a role
At the end of the lesson, students need to practice reading, speaking and remembering the following words:
- tram /trm/ tram
- population boom /ˌpɒpjʊˈleɪʃən/ /buːm/ population boom
- launch /lɔːntʃ/ proceed
- compartment /kəmˈpɑːtmənt/ compartment (ship)