Unit 10 grade 9: Space Travel – Getting Started
A mission to Mars (Mission to Mars)
1. Task 1 Unit 10 Grade 9 Getting Started
Listen and read (Listen and read)
Click to listen
Nick: Well, is that you in this photo? The youngest astronaut in the world to walk in space!
Phuc: Ha! Yes, it’s in a museum in Sweden.
Nick: You look so excited!
Phuc: Well, that trip made me crazy about space. Before I was ten, I collected a lot of books about the universe. I learned about planets, stars, satellites, rockets and more.
Nick: You know, last year I was visiting an astronomy museum and I touched a meteorite.
Phuc: A meteorite! What was it like?
Nick: Honestly, it’s not as dramatic as I expected, it’s like an ordinary piece of rock.
Phuc: But maybe it came from Mars. Think about that!
Nick: Maybe. Do you think there could be life on Mars?
Phuc: Maybe liveable. It used to have an ocean… Who knows, in 20 years, we might be there on a mission of discovery.
Nick: Haha, but we need to train first. They say you practice by diving in a flight suit…
Phuc: That’s right. And you also have to experience zero gravity on a parabolic flight.
Nick: What is that?
Phuc: The plane flies very high, then tilts for a few seconds and then descends sharply, a bit like a roller coaster. The people inside the plane began to emerge. I like to do that.
Nick: It sounds a bit scary. But take a look at your collection of rock scraps. There might be something interesting here…
Phuc: Yes, probably a meteorite from the moon landed on Earth!
a. Draw lines to match the words with the definitions. (Draw a line connecting the words with the definitions.)
Guide to answer
1. D 2. E 3. F 4. C 5. B 6. A
1. astronaut= someone trained to work in space.
2. mission = 1 program of space flights
3. the state of zero gravity
4. astronomy = 1 science that studies the universe and its inner objects such as the moon, sun, planets and stars
5. livable = conditions suitable for life to exist
6. altitude above sea level
b. Answer the questions. (Answer the question.)
first. What was Phuc interested in when he were young? (What did Phuc like when he was a kid?)
2. What had Phuc done before he turned ten years old? (What did Phuc do before he was 10 years old?)
3. Why does Phuc use the phrase “and stuff” at the end of his list?
(Why does Phuc use the phrase “the stuff” in the list?)
4. What did Nick think of the meteorite in the museum?
(What does Nick think of the meteorite at the museum?)
5. What are some ways to train as an astronaut?
(What are some ways to train to be an astronaut?)
6. What does Phuc compare a parabolic flight to? (Phuc compares flight simulation to what?)
Guide to answer
1. Phuc was crazy about space. (Phuc loves space.)
2. He had learned about the universe and had collected lots of books about space.
(He studied the universe and collected many books about it.)
3. To show that there are more things in the list but that it’s not necessary to list everything.
(To show that there is more to the list, but not all of it is necessary.)
4. He wasn’t very impressed because he thought the meteorite was like an ordinary piece of rock.
(He was not impressed because he thought the meteorite was like any other rock.)
5. By scuba diving in a flight suit and by taking a parabolic flight to experience microgravity.
(By diving and taking a parabolic flight to experience weightlessness.)
6. He compares it to a ride on a rollercoaster. (He compares it to riding a roller coaster)
c. Who is keener on space travel – Phuc or Nick? Why do you think so?? (Who’s more interested in space? Phuc or Nick? Why do you think so?)
Guide to answer
Phuc is keener on space travel because he collected lots of books about the universe, learn about the universe, the stars, satellites, rockets, and stuff. (Phuc is passionate about space travel because he collects a lot of books about space, learning about space, stars, satellites, rockets and other things.)
2. Task 2 Unit 10 Grade 9 Getting Started
Find a word in the box to match the picture in each description. (Find words in the frame to add money to the pictures with each description.)
Guide to answer
1. An artificial satellite that flies around the Earth to collect information or to communicate by radio, television and so on. It could also be a natural object moving around a larger object in space.
2. With a telescope you will have a wonderful experience watching the stars.
3. The Sun and its planets are only a small part of the Milky Way. The Milky Way is just a row of banks in the universe.
4. A meteorite is a piece of rock or an object in space that landed on a planet.
5. The rocket has a tubular shape and moves very fast. It helps put a spaceship into space.
6. A spaceship is a vehicle with or without humans used to go into space.
3. Task 3 Unit 10 Grade 9 Getting Started
GAME: SPACE BINGO! (Game: Space Bingo!)
Create a Bingo card and play with the new words you have learnt from this lesson. (Make a Bingo card and play with the new words you learned from this lesson)
4. Practice Task 1
Choose the best answer A, B, C or D to complete the sentences.
Question 1: That’s my friend, ………. comes from Japan.
A. which B. who C. whom D. where
Question 2: The plants which ……………. in the living room need a lot of water.
A. are B. be C. is D. was
Question 3: She’s the woman ………… sister looks after the baby for us.
A. who B. which C. that’s D. whose
Question 4: That’s the doctor for …………….. Cliff works.
A. that B. which C. whom D. whose
Question 5: Marie, ………. I met at the party, called me last night.
A. that B. whom C. which D. whose
5. Practice Task 2
Choose the word which has a different stress pattern from the others.
Question 1: A.habitable B.experiment C.simulated D.missionary
Question 2: A.observatory B.historical C.activity D.parabolic
Question 3: A. astronomy B.astronomic C.astronomic D.emergency
Question 4: A. satellite B.meteorite C.maintenance D.adventure
At the end of the lesson, students need to complete the exercise and memorize the following words:
- mission (n) /ˈmɪʃn/: trip, quest
- astronaut (n) /ˈæstrənɔːt/: astronaut
- spacewalk (n) /ˈspeɪswɔːk/: spacewalk
- universe (n) /ˈjuːnɪvɜːs/: universe
- satellite (n) /ˈsætəlaɪt/: satellite
- rocket (n) /ˈrɒkɪt/: rocket
- meteorite (n) /ˈmiːtiəraɪt/: meteorite
- rollercoaser (n): roller coaster
- telescope (n) /ˈtelɪskəʊp/: telescope
- spacecraft (n) /ˈspeɪskrɑːft/: spaceship